KAZY ŠKIRPA: Rebellion to restore Lithuania’s sovereignty. Published by the author, Washington, DC, 1975. 583 pp., $ 15. ($ 13 in Europe, $ 12 in the Americas). Aidai Magazine
The story of the uprising in June 1941 presented by a major store is itself the main organizer of the uprising gen. Staff Colonel Kazys Škirpa. According to the author’s introductory words, the rebellion of June 23, 1941 was threefold: “a. To wash the shame from the Lithuanian face for the June 15, 1940 shrieking without a shot of resistance; b. To re-emphasize the arms with arms … the unwavering will of the Lithuanian nation freedom and the right to state independence, and thereby reveal forever Moscow’s lies about the alleged voluntary annexation of Lithuania in the Soviet Union in 1940 “(p. 8). The rebellion has attained these goals and has, in fact, proved the will of the people to live freely. That the success of the uprising was soon suppressed by the new occupant, this does not in any way undermine the historic significance of this uprising. Therefore, we are glad to receive his stories.
Since the author had a central role in organizing the uprising in 1941, his book may soon come to light as mere memories. This would be a wrong decision. A reasonably titled page is warned that this is a “documentary overview”. In fact, this is more historiographic than a memoir. The author records his memoirs abundantly (at the end of the book a list of hundreds of different documents and extracts is given). It is not limited to the description of the uprising itself but also reviews the circumstances under which the rebellion of 23 June 1941 was planned, organized and carried out.
The first volunteer of the recovering Lithuanian army, the creator, K. Scurp, was overwhelmed by the fact that Lithuania was occupied by the Soviets without any resistance. Therefore, he is talking about a presbyon to anger. A. Smetona’s “shameful bed in Lithuanian history”:
The fact remains that the decisive moment for Lithuania, its supreme official did not fulfill its duty to protect the country from external danger, and the ministers assigned to it, at the forefront with the chairman of the same ministry, either surrendered to the will of the enemy and not, or also fled from his office. In the face of the end of the political leadership of such a fierce region, Lithuanian patriotism had to search for new leaders of the struggle in our own nation, who would no longer be able to escape the adventurous enemy but to strongly represent the ideals of the people’s freedom (p. 18).
In the meantime, Mr. Škirpa was an extraordinary envoy to Lithuania and an authorized minister in Germany. Involved in the “service” from Berlin to Kaunas on 25 June 1940, he was immediately contacted by friends of former Freedom Fighters who had come to the conclusion that they might have to re-invent the weapon, having created an appropriate Soviet-German conflict. The underground spontaneously formed in the Soviet occupied country, and the Lithuanian Front for Activists (LAF) was organized in Germany. According to K. Škirpas’ remembrance, Lithuanian diplomats lacked decisiveness and unity. Therefore, the Lithuanian National Committee, which was agreed upon at their Rome Conference (19.19.1925), did not develop its activities. The main role was played by the LAF, which was preceded by K. Sckirpa. The author gives a detailed introduction to the LAF program and activities.
The June 1941 uprising itself describes the Ad. Damushi’s article from “To Freedom”. The course of the uprising in Kaunas (pp. 313-325) is given (albeit without mentioning) from the “Aides”, the numery of June 1971 (pp. 255 – 158), published by P. Narutis.
Prime Minister K. Škirpai was assigned the task of the Prime Minister of the rebel building of the Provisional Government. However, the Germans not only did not give him permission to leave for Lithuania, but in three weeks in Berlin, he was arrested for three days.
Hardly K. Scurp is in favor of the so-called Voldemarians putsh against the Provisional Government (section “Pyra-gius Heil Hitler”, pp. 465-472).
Although the unanimous revolt of June 1941 was carried out by the entire nation, the overseas Lithuanians did not immediately understand its meaning. “The first one that was lost in Lithuania in the face of the nation’s uprising on June 23 was not anyone else, but A. Smetona himself, a former president of the Republic of Lithuania, who had already appeared in the United States” (p. 376). It was in his interview to Chicago’s Grand Herald-American Daily Newspaper of 1941.VI.24 that he said: “The rebellion has apparently been fueled by Germany.” According to K. Škirpas, “this statement was just the same as the impact of the dwarf on the back of the new government of Lithuania, and the saying that the uprising was fueled by Germany was not only a pure insinuation, but also the insolation of the merciless fighters of our nation, who made blood donations for the restoration of Lithuanian sovereignty” (p. 377). Initially, the Lithuanian ambassador to Washingtone, P. Žadei-kis, did not find himself referring to the puppet regime in his letter to the State Department on October 19, 1941. Part of the blame for this lack of recruiting K. Škirpa also appoints to the Chief of Lithuanian diplomacy S. Lozoraitis as he was not a Lithuanian diplomat. I am proud of the possibility of a nation uprising by warning or cumbersome, as it should and should be done by a diplomat. the uprising and the advent of the uprising (p. 382). how they should follow and what to do dipl. the uprising and the advent of the uprising (p. 382). how they should follow and what to do dipl. the uprising and the advent of the uprising (p. 382).
The criticisms of K.Skirpa have also been made in his book for several other people with whom he had to cooperate in one way or another. Of course, in all these cases the principle of listening to the second party also applies: audiatur et altera pars!
By the time he was 80, she was beautifully mentioned by this significant store, worthy of the attention of the readers. The book is beautifully published (printed by Franciscan printing house in Brooklyn), hardcovered, illustrated in 1941. the image of the organizers and executors of the uprising. The book can also be ordered from the author: K. Škirpa, 2043 36th St., SE, Washing-ton, DC 20020